Wednesday, February 24, 2016

Adlerian Therapy

Adlerian Therapy 
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Therapy Focus
Importance of the feelings of self (ego) that arise from interactions and conflicts.
The sense of self, or The Ego is the core individuality/personality of a person
Adlerian therapy got its start from psychoanalysis.
It places emphasis on motivation and social interaction
A phenomenological approach
Social interest is stressed
Study of birth order and sibling relationships.
Purpose of therapy is teaching, informing, and encouraging.
Basic mistakes of client logic
o Overgeneralization
o Exaggerated need for security
o Misperceptions of life
o Denial of ones worth
o Faulty values
The therapeutic relationship is a collaborative partnership.
Focus on the importance of each person’s:
o Unique motivations
o Perceived niche in society
o Goal directedness

Phenomenological Approach
Adlerian's attempt to view the world from the client’s subjective frame of reference.
Belief in how life in reality is less important than how the individual believes life to be.
Belief that it is not the childhood experiences that are crucial, but rather our present interpretation of these events.
Belief that unconscious instincts and our past do not determine our behavior.

Wednesday, February 17, 2016

Gestalt Therapy

Gestalt Therapy
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Techniques

■ The experiment in Gestalt therapy
o To assist clients self awareness of what they are doing and how they are doing it
o Expanding awareness of client
o Opportunity to “Try on” new behavior
o Experiments bring struggles to life, inviting client to enact them in the present
o Major emphasis on preparing clients for experiments though trusting relationship

Confrontation
o Imposing stance
● Therapist meets own agenda for the client
● Acts as expert, power and control in therapist
o Competing stance
● Therapist promotes rugged individualism with lots of negotiation compromise and confidence
o Confirming stance
● Acknowledging the whole being of client
● Client’s needs and experience center of relationship
● Ideal type of confrontation
● Invites client to look at incongruities in verbal and nonverbal language, in words
versus action.

■ Internal Dialogue
o Identifies the struggle for control in a person, fragmented between controller and controlled, through Introjection of aspects of others
o Between top dog and underdog
o Between critical parent should and oughts and passive recipient without responsibility and with excuses
o Empty chair
● Shift client into two chairs for dialogue role lay.
● Experiences conflict

■ Reversal technique
o Role play the opposite of symptoms and behaviors client suffers
o Client tries the very thing fraught with anxiety, therefore submerged and denied
o Help clients to accept personal attributes that they have tried to deny

■ Rehearsal exercise
o Behavioral rehearsal: role play a planned for new behavior with a person or people in client’s environment.
o Reduce stage fright, anxiety or fear
o Encourages spontaneity and willingness to experiment with new behaviors

■ Exaggeration Technique
o Exaggerate movement or gesture repeatedly to intensify feelings attached by behavior to make inner meaning clear
o Trembling hands or feet, slouched posture, bent shoulders, clenched fists, tight frowning etc.

■ Staying with Feelings
o Keep client from escaping fearful stimuli and avoiding unpleasant feelings
o Encourage to go deeper into feeling or behavior they wish to avoid
o Facing, confronting, and experiencing feeling makes them able to unblock and make way for new levels of growth
● Takes courage and pain.

Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Adlerian Therapy

Adlerian Therapy
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Adlerian Concepts

Basic Mistake- faulty, self defeating perceptions attitudes and beliefs, personal myths
Fictional Finalism- imagined central goal that gives direction to behavior and unity
Holism- study of humans as integrated beings
Insight- special form of self awareness
Style of Life- individual’s ways of thinking feeling and acting
Complexes
o Inferiority complex- normal feelings of incompetence exaggerated, feeling its impossible and hopeless to reach goals
o Superiority complex- very high opinion of self, bragging, quick to argues often
Organ Inferiority- everyone is born with some physical weakness, this motivates life choices
Aggression Drive- reaction to perceived helplessness or inferiority, lashing out against the inability to achieve or master
Masculine Protest- kids work to become independent from adults and people in power.
Perfection striving- people who are not neurotically bound to an inferiority complex spend their lives trying to meet fictional goals
o Elimination of perceived flaws
o “As if” philosophy
o Gives motivation and focus
■ Social responsibility and understanding of social issues o Occupation tasks
● career,
● self worth
o Societal tasks ● Creating friendships
● Social networks
o Love tasks ● Life partner
■ Positive and Goal Oriented Humanity o People striving to overcome weakness to function productively
o Urge to contribute to society