Thursday, September 1, 2016

Person Centered Therapy

Person Centered Therapy
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The Therapy Process

■ Six conditions necessary and sufficient for personality changes to occur:
o Two persons are in physiological contact
o The first, the client is experiencing incongruence
o The second, the therapist, is congruent or integrated in the relationship
o The therapist experiences unconditional positive regard or real caring for the client
o The therapist experiences empathy for the client’s internal frame of reference and endeavors to communicate this to the client
o The communication to the client is, to a minimal degree, achieved.

■ Three Requirements for Therapy

o Genuineness
■ Accurate empathic understanding
■ Genuineness or realness in relations between therapist and client
■ Being oneself in the therapeutic relationship with the client

o Unconditional positive regard
■ Acceptance and caring
■ NOT approval of all behavior

o Congruence
■ Understanding of client’s frame of references
■ Ability to deeply grasp the client’s subjective world and communicate this to the client

Role of the Therapist
o Focuses on the quality of the therapeutic relationship
o Serves as a model of a human being struggling towards greater realness
o Is genuine, integrated, and authentic, without a false front
o Can openly express feelings and attitudes that are present in the relationship with the client

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